gold investment, silver investment

Precious metals investment terms A to Z

Accredited Investor

Some kinds of investments are restricted to "accredited investors". See what it means and if you meet "accredited investor" requirements.

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Algorithmic trading

Algorithmic trading, used mostly by institutional investors and large hedge funds, utilizes advanced mathematical tools developed by traders to forecast the most probable moves in the markets, and to initiate trades.

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Analyst is an individual whose primary function is a deep examination of a specific subject. Gold analysts study factors influencing the price of gold by various methods and try to predict future moves. Some are more accurate than other.

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Asian financial crisis

The Asian financial crisis in the late 1990s with devaluation of local currencies caused unexpected havoc in global markets, with a domino effect, including a crisis in Russia, declines in stock markets around the world, and the fall and bailout of the U.S. hedge fund Long Term Capital Management (LTCM).

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Asset swap

Asset swaps are seen to be both cash market instruments and credit derivatives in the financial markets. They are similar in structure to plain vanilla swaps and the difference between the two instruments is in the underlying swap contract. Plain vanilla swaps exchange fixed and floating interest rate products whereas asset swaps exchange fixed rate investments such as bonds which pay a guaranteed coupon rate with floating rate investments such as an index. Asset swaps are used to alter the cash flow profile of a bond.

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Austrian School

The Austrian School is one of the schools of economic thought. Due to its methodological individualism, it is situated in opposition to the mainstream economics, which is based on large aggregates and mathematical models. The Austrian school was founded in 1871 with the publication of Carl Menger’s Principles of Economics, developing the marginalist revolution in economic analysis. Since it early representatives lived in Vienna, the term ‘Austrian School’ was coined, but its influence spreads across the world.

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Authorized Participant (AP)

An Authorized Participant (AP) is usually a large financial institution, like a market maker, which is responsible for obtaining the underlying assets necessary to create and run an ETF. In short, in the case of gold ETFs, it buys gold and delivers it to the ETF provider. In turn, it gets a block of equally-valued (based on NAV) ETF shares, called a ‘creation unit’. The AP may resell these shares for profit. It may also redeem creation units to get the bullion back (only APs can create or redeem ETF’ shares, retail investors can only resell them in the market).

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